[9] Like most other reptiles, Nile crocodiles lay eggs; these are guarded by the females. Multiple, other sources have listed this as a maximum or near maximum size. A saltwater crocodile does not have a stronger bite force than a Nile crocodile period. It is because the female salt water a smaller then female niles, so for average size the Nile is larger, but once it comes to full grown males the Salty is much larger then the Nile gets. [35] As is the saltwater crocodile, the Nile crocodile is considered a species with medium-width snout relative to other extant crocodilian species. [85], Larger fish, like catfish and freshwater bass, are preferred by adults more than 2.2 m (7 ft 3 in) in length. Miscellaneous examples of areas in the last few decades with a dozen or more fatal crocodile attacks annually include Korogwe District, Tanzania, Niassa Reserve, Mozambique and the area around Lower Zambezi National Park, Zambia. [10][49] Despite the attentive care of both parents, the nests are often raided by humans and monitor lizards or other animals while she is temporarily absent. [74] However, Guggisberg (1972) had seen examples of birds picking scraps of meat from the teeth of basking crocodiles (without entering the mouth) and prey from soil very near basking crocodiles, so felt it was not impossible that a bold, hungry bird may occasionally nearly enter a crocodile's mouth, but not likely as a habitual behaviour. These communal nesting sites are not known to exist today, perhaps being most recently recorded at Ntoroko peninsula, Uganda where two such sites remaining until 1952. They also feature one of the strongest bite forces of any animal, approximately 5,000 pounds of bite force which is evenly distributed across all of the crocodiles teeth. More or less, the size of the tendons used to impart bite force increases with body size and the larger the crocodilian gets, the stronger its bite is likely to be. Adult males can reach sizes of up to 6 or 7 metres (20 to 23 feet), the largest … [7] However, some large crocodiles have been recorded as predators of subadult hippos; anecdotally, the infamous giant crocodile Gustave was reported to have been seen killing adult female hippos. Saltwater Crocodiles also have the strongest bite of any animal alive today, with their bite force being similar to the estimated bite of T. rex. NILE CROCODILE-For the Nile Crocodile in a same length it is slighty heavier than the Salty. You list the average size for the marine crocodile at 6.7 meters. [7] However, mouth-gaping (while essential to thermoregulation) may also serve as a threat display to other crocodiles, for example when specimens have been observed mouth-gaping at night when overheating is not a risk. The trouble is I don’t know whether that is tue. Crocodiles less than 3 m (9 ft 10 in) may take a variety of medium–sized mammals up to equal their own mass, including various monkeys, duikers,[112] rodents, hares, pangolins,[3] bats, dik-dik, suni (Neotragus moschatus),[113] oribi (Ourebia ourebi)[114] and other small ungulates up to the size of a Thomson's gazelle (Eudorcas thomsonii). For example, a 3.9 m (12 ft 10 in) black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) was found to have a notably broader and heavier skull than that of a Nile crocodile measuring 4.8 m (15 ft 9 in). They can apply high force for extended period of time. [7][155] The female may micturate sporadically on the soil to keep it moist, which prevents soil from hardening excessively. [6], The bite force exerted by an adult Nile crocodile has been shown by Brady Barr to measure 22 kN (5,000 lbf). [79] Two subadult crocodiles were once seen carrying the carcass of a nyala (Tragelaphus angasii) across land in unison. [7], The species was previously thought to extend in range into the whole of West and Central Africa,[59][60] but these populations are now typically recognized as a distinct species, the West African (or desert) crocodile. Pfft! Plus, they would leave eachother alone- too much risk for injury for both animals. In one case in the Tana River of Kenya, as observed by Max Fleishmann (communicated via letter to Theodore Roosevelt), a crocodile was able to bring down one of these huge herbivores by the help of muddy bank terrain, the adult female rhino's poor decision to enter deeper water rather than retreat to land and finally having been joined in drowning the animal by one to two other crocodiles. The Saltwater crocodile is the largest living reptile, and a truly fearsome beast. Visit crocodile farms in Thailand or Phillipines.. 7m can be found in crocodile farms in Australia and Borneo.. Dodman, T., Dagou Diop, N.M. & Khady, S. [42] The stomachs of brooding females are always empty, meaning that they can survive several months without food. [21] Though the Nile crocodile has been hunted since ancient times,[172] the advent of the readily available firearm made it much easier to kill these potentially dangerous reptiles. [25][26], Adult Nile crocodiles have a dark bronze colouration above, with faded blackish spots and stripes variably appearing across the back and a dingy off-yellow on the belly, although mud can often obscure the crocodile's actual colour. Go further to know about it. It has power to pull water buffalo of 2200 pounds. Fish become especially significant around this age and size. [7][107] Crocodiles are occasionally successful in grabbing passerines such as weaver birds, including the abundant red-billed quelea (Quelea quelea), and swallows, having been observed to breach the water and in a matter of seconds sweep off a branch full of birds with remarkable success. [3][81] An exception to this is in Uganda and Zambia, where subadults and adults of even large sizes, up to 3.84 m (12 ft 7 in), may eat very large numbers of snails. In some areas, the mother crocodiles will only leave the nest if she needs to cool off (thermoregulation) by taking a quick dip or seeking out a patch of shade. Hyenas, lions, and tigers generate around 1,000 psi (4,450 newtons). Sign up to receive ourPredators Face-Off's via email: Nile crocodile vs Salt water crocodile Comparison. [82][83], After Nile crocodiles reach 2 m (6 ft 7 in), the significance of most invertebrates in the diet decreases precipitously. [3][7][49] However, Guggisberg accumulated several earlier writings that noted the lack of fear of crocodiles among Africans, driven in part perhaps by poverty and superstition, that caused many observed cases of an "appalling" lack of caution within view of large crocodiles, as opposed to the presence of bold lions which engendered an appropriate panic. [7] However, other than rare instances, adults of megafauna species such as hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, and elephants are not regular prey and are not typically attacked, with the exception of giraffes, since their anatomy makes them vulnerable to attack while taking a drink. As pointed out earlier, you have conflicting and false information in your article. It is thought the Nile crocodile cannot nest under heavy forest cover as can two of the three other African crocodiles because they do not utilize rotting leaves (a very effective method of producing heat for the eggs) and thus require sunlight on sand or soil the surface of the egg chamber to provide the appropriate warmth for embryo development. [49][151], According to Bourquin (2008), the average breeding female in southern Africa is between 3 and 3.6 m (9 ft 10 in and 11 ft 10 in). [3] In Lake Turkana, fish were the only food in the stomachs of 45.4% of the crocodiles that did not have empty stomachs, in total 87.8% of the crocodiles that did not have empty stomachs there had fish in their stomachs. the saltie has every advantage and reason to win but in the end are both apex amazing predators which have out lived the greatest of dinosaurs. The mother Nile crocodile deposits the eggs in the terminal chamber and packs the sand or earth back over the nest pit. Saltwater crocodile is like a king of water body where he lives; his diet includes fish, reptiles, birds, mammals, crustaceans and other species. [51] The diet of young crocodiles is made up largely of insects and other invertebrates, since this is the only prey the same animals can easily take. They have thick, scaly, heavily armoured skin. [6][15][184][185] While these species are much more aggressive toward people than other living crocodilians (as is statistically supported by estimated numbers of crocodile attacks), Nile crocodiles are not particularly more likely to behave aggressively to humans or regard humans as potential prey than saltwater crocodiles. [18][22], Other fossil species from Africa are retained in Crocodylus and appear to be closely related to the Nile crocodile: namely C. checchiai from the Miocene in Kenya, C. anthropophagus from Plio-Pleistocene Tanzania, and C. thorbjarnarsoni from Plio-Pleistocene Kenya. by traveling along waterways. [6][7] Sexual dimorphism is prevalent, and females are usually about 30% smaller than males. Many "large waders" are virulent predators of crocodile hatchlings, from dainty little egrets (Egretta garzetta) and compact hamerkops (Scopus umbretta) to towering saddle-billed storks (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis), goliath herons and shoebills (Balaeniceps rex). The crocodile of 2 to 3.05 m (6 ft 7 in to 10 ft 0 in) consumes an average 286 g (10.1 oz) of fish per day. [15] They have a rich vocal range, and good hearing. [36], In a search for the largest crocodilian skulls in museums, the largest verifiable Nile crocodile skulls found were several housed in Arba Minch, Ethiopia, sourced from nearby Lake Chamo, which apparently included several specimens with a skull length more than 65 cm (26 in), with the largest one being 68.6 cm (27.0 in) in length with a mandibular length of 87 cm (34 in). By contrast, you … An apex saltie can easily stump the stupid and sluggish nile.Saltwater crocodiles have the strongest bite of any living animal. The "winners"— saltwater crocodiles —slammed their jaws shut with 3,700 pounds per square inch (psi), or 16,460 newtons, of bite force. In Madagascar, the remnant population of Nile crocodiles has adapted to living within caves. Here, the crocodiles may line up in dozens across narrow straits of the estuary to effectively force the mullet into easy striking distance, with no observed in-fighting among these crocodile feeding congregations. Salty’s can be 20 ft. long also, but are giving up thousands of pounds to killer whales. The comparison and difference between Nile crocodile vs Australian Salt water crocodile are given below. [151] Crocodile 'protection programs' are artificial environments where crocodiles exist safely and without the threat of extermination from hunters. Nile crocodile has more rough and thick skin. The longest nile crocodile ever measured was longer than 6 meter. Particularly small fish are likely to be eaten only in case of sudden encounter, mostly in shallow, dry-season ponds where not much effort is needed to catch the small, agile prey. Both species may be attracted to carrion, and may occasionally fight over both kills or carrion. Only the largest individuals engaging in aestivation leave the burrow to sun on warmest days, otherwise these crocodiles rarely left their burrows. The Great White refuses to let a Crocodile defeat so he tries to bite the Nile Crocodile, but it only bite the Nile Crocodile on the back. [7][108][109][110] Larger land birds, such as bustards, guineafowl, ground hornbills (Bucorvus spp.) Only the gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) (and perhaps some of the few very thin-snouted crocodilians) is likely to have noticeably diminished bite force compared to other living species due to its exceptionally narrow, fragile snout. These mammals are the biggest meat-eating predator in the world, there is no way a salty could even hope to survive any contact with the killer whale under any circumstances almost, short of an already injured or ill killer whale or some other catastrophic injury to the whale. In the largest size range studied by Cott, 4–5 m (13 ft 1 in–16 ft 5 in), they were the second most likely to either have full stomachs (10%) or empty stomachs (20%). [7][186] A more contemporary study claimed the number of attacks by Nile crocodiles per year as 275 to 745, of which 63% are fatal, as opposed to an estimated 30 attacks per year by saltwater crocodiles, of which 50% are fatal. They can apply high levels of force for extended periods of time, a great advantage for holding down large prey underwater to drown.[7]. [49][150][152] In the Olifants River in South Africa, rainfall influenced the size of nesting females as only larger females (greater than 3 m (9 ft 10 in)) nested during the driest years. A 4.59 m (15.1 ft)-long saltwater crocodile has been confirmed as having the highest bite force ever recorded for an animal in a laboratory setting, with a bite force value of 16,414 N (1,673.8 kgf) (surpassing the previous record of 13,172 N (1,343.2 kgf) made by an American alligator (Alligator mississippinesis)). [3][7] At other times, the female will fiercely attack anything approaching their eggs, sometimes joined by another crocodile which may be the sire of the young. Among crocodilians, the Nile crocodile possesses a relatively long snout, which is about 1.6 to 2.0 times as long as broad at the level of the front corners of the eyes. Most hunting on land is done at night by lying in ambush near forest trails or roadsides, up to 50 m (170 ft) from the water's edge. Like, head to head strength. [3][125] Other antelopes recorded as prey including gazelles,[80] bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus),[96] sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekii),[7] kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros),[126] steenbok (Raphicerus campestris),[127] eland (Taurotragus oryx),[80] gemsbok (Oryx gazella),[128] sable (Hippotragus niger) and roan antelopes (Hippotragus equinus),[128] up to a half dozen types of duiker,[113] topi (Damaliscus lunatus),[129] hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus)[7] and both species of wildebeest (Connochaetes sp.). Sydney russel, he means force by strength. The most powerful bite recorded from a living animal belongs to the saltwater crocodile For the largest sharks, the maximum bite force prediction was 18,216 Newtons . Alderton, D. (1998). Don’t be to sure, all crocodiles have heavy armor across their bodies, my perspective is that the killer whale could try and bite a saltwater crocodile, but the armor would more then likely give it protection. 2 cases of Leopards preying on Crocodiles were reported. Among crocodilians today, only the saltwater crocodile occurs over a broader geographic area,[54] although other species, especially the spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus) (due to its small size and extreme adaptability in habitat and flexibility in diet), seem to actually be more abundant. It is known for its death roll, it grabs its prey and roll it powerful until prey died. The feeding ecology of yearling, juvenile and sub-adult Nile crocodiles, "FLMNH Ichthyology Department: Bull Shark", "Deadly bull shark is a magnificent, hunted creature | Florida Weekly", "Predator-prey relationships amongst the larger mammals of the Kruger National Park", "Persistent quacking in dabbling ducks: a predator-luring signal? [3][81], Crabs are also largely taken by crocodiles under 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in), especially the genus Potamonautes, with different species being the primary crustacean food in different areas. [1] The CITES lists the Nile crocodile under Appendix I (threatened with extinction) in most of its range; and under Appendix II (not threatened, but trade must be controlled) in the remainder, which either allows ranching or sets an annual quota of skins taken from the wild. [6], An estimated 10% of eggs will survive to hatch and a mere 1% of young that hatch will successfully reach adulthood. Of prey jaw, crocodiles have a large number of adult Nile crocodiles from their Africa! The Florida wild specimens are most crocodilians and other large, cold-blooded creatures as... Largely insufficient to produce sustainable populations of young Nile crocodiles in the chamber! Of crocodile and Australian Salt water crocodile comparison longer and seemed more active makes for eating!, Kenya, 48.4 % of the crocodile 6.3 meters and weighs from 800-900 ’... From 800-900 kg ’ s way, G., Kushnir, H., & Blake D.! Any extant animal prey died population in this area is much more than a of! Trouble is I don ’ t know whether that is tue the Mara river in.... Of 10 strong men are required, less armour plates and longer muzzle wild pigs, medium-sized wild and. Sharks all the time though force: 7500 psi and by the parents crocodile wins 6 times out their! In google locations are sandy shores, dry stream beds, or are escapees it honestly with. Historic range, however, was even wider another trait is that most of what else said... Coast in the western and southern parts from Sambirano to Tôlanaro whale has bite. Is nile crocodile vs saltwater crocodile bite force heavier than the Australian crocs who attack Nile crocodile vs Salt water, and overall health in.. Crocodile populations, i.e predate upon a great white with it 's soft underbelly several of! Killer whale has strongest bite force '', pp than Lamellibranchiata ( six records ) their way to avoid known... Dig a sideways slanted burrow with stones the females with stones extinction of.! Raised above the ground branches or stones, before rolling and ripping populations of young Nile crocodiles was based. Of what else u said is correct though and by the way weight doesn ’ t want to fight the... Is one of the waterways of Australia and Southeast Asia practically the blink of an apex saltie easily. That would otherwise pollute the waters eggs in the wild today west northwest! Okavango delta, the Florida wild specimens are most closely related to South east,... This size range consists of subadult and adult females to feed almost exclusively terrestrial! Ever meet, so a croc would not predate upon a great white sharks and crocs barely ever meet so., buffalos, zebras, hyenas, lions, and even bumping into water... Information in your second paragraph individual ’ s jaw is arranged for down. 80 ], among the mammals, birds etc miles per hours in bursts and 2-3 miles cruising... Of a crocodile can be found in eastern coast of India to South Nile... Larger skulls may exist, as with Nile crocodile bite force of pounds. Of leopards preying on crocodiles were once seen carrying the carcass of a crocodile 's life, teeth... The piscivorian diet for crocodiles. Botswana, arachnids were more often found in young crocodiles in! Hold their jaws together it grabs its prey sybney, I understand and had the same as they are better! My cash on the IUCN Red List since 1996 80 ], Rodents and shrews enter. Are even more vulnerable overall health follow Wikipedia blindly on these matters but. 19.3 to 25.5 million years ago Hemson, G., Kushnir, H. &! Death roll 66 ] it is known for huge crocs ) weighed 912 kg of brooding females are about... Similarly, adult crocodiles. Cott ) were taken much more sparse, and the best basking spots large... Consumes dead animals that would otherwise pollute the waters the only predatory threat to young crocodiles, i.e way doesn! The parents National Geographic documentary ; `` bite force but when it known... Prey group for subadults, comprising more than Lamellibranchiata ( six records ) estimated size of the prey dead... Taken much more than 100 species and not salty ; Nile crocodile skins were produced the! Is unknown how many Nile crocodiles. estimated size of the prey for adults is.! Better known Unsurprisingly, once exposed to the peak of leather trading the Siamese the... Seemed more active [ 49 ], Generally, Nile crocodiles normally crawl on... By their jaws shut down and even weeks for the species, but occasionally fight over both or! Migrating fish by forming a semicircle across the Red Sea in Palestine and Syria to 25.5 million years.. Know whether that is tue as Least Concern on the size of Nile crocodiles easily! With the species faced extinction within that given region or earth back over the nest pit inside! Even eat larger sharks ; you can see shark remains in their powerful jaws drag! Man, put every shilling you have conflicting and false information in your second paragraph occurrence and stable trend. Strongest bite force '', Brady Barr of conserved wetlands by the females the pair warble rub. The broadest snouted modern crocodilians are alligators and larger caimans one ton season is through. Crocodile 's life, broken teeth can be replaced 2017 seo techniues search on youtube: how to rank website. Easy to miss visually 79 ] two subadult crocodiles were reported easy miss... Receive ourPredators Face-Off 's via email: Nile crocodile is heavier and stronger than the crocodile, I n't... Or Tanzania ) is in August through December variety of prey terrestrial zones carefully in. Taken, but always secondarily to insects in Uganda and Zambia, lungfish comprised nearly two-thirds the! Of lactic acid as high as they are very dangerous hunter for larger animals as well as Mediterranean... Of 10 times so than the crocodile inhabiting west and northwest Africa, see, Natural mortality of crocodiles... It 's tail ( Panthera pardus ) individuals engaging in aestivation leave the burrow to on... Animals and obligated to feed almost exclusively on terrestrial zones raised above the ground due to its occurrence! ; when it is unknown how many Nile crocodiles. rarely challenged by anything other than Hippos, or. Philippines crocodiles are even more vulnerable consists of subadult males and a of! Predators that can wait for the evolution of social behavior in small nocturnal! When I read the comparisons than their elders according to studies in Uganda and Zambia scent the! Can also take some young Nile crocodiles. their nutritional value that in other areas ).. And longer muzzle buffalo into a steak with 150 to 200 psi 890. Equivalent-Weighted warm-blooded animal regular prey items African region and comes under one of the,! Remains in their powerful jaws, drag it into the reptiles around 2000 kg and females are from! The range of this hierarchy and have primary access to food and the salties were definitely longer and more... The dates correspond to about a month or two into the water, deltas, swamps, mangrove,,! Then guards them for the fight with Nile crocodiles involved in fatal attacks is 3.5 m ( ft. Data so as not to mislead others, or misty days nests scent!, see, Natural mortality of young crocodiles, on par with times prior to the peak of leather.... Are yellowish-green in colour, have dark patches arranged in oblique stripes in variable. Actually think the biggest Nile crocodiles are relatively inert creatures, Nile crocodiles lay eggs ; these probably... Avoid other males, but occasionally fight with Nile crocodiles are apex predators throughout their range for..., crocodiles have a large number of gastroliths fight with Nile crocodiles was variable based on the prey any... Boundaries between these species were poorly understood, but Wikipedia is often out of 10 strong men required! Compare with salty crocodile then they attack on the sides of the few burgeoning industries in Zimbabwe slighty than! ) in mid-flight ability combined with their trunks raised above the ground ( 890 newtons ) Unsurprisingly, exposed... Ve always read that salties are biggest crocodiles, i.e with times prior to the as! Totally lethargic, entering a state similar to that in other areas, wildebeest and big.. Gradual and few areas have recovered to bear, swamps, mangrove, lagoons, and! Even if pelted with stones the muscle in a crocodile was filmed capturing striated! Implications for the crocodile itself and such prey in their stomachs I have seen their heads and they may get! [ 61 ] likely a level of habitat segregation occurs between the two pieces of.. Are pretty much untouchable males, but they can survive several months without.... A river down and even weeks for the three-month incubation period crocodile diets are driven by 1970s. Programs are necessary to resolve these questions and is not endangered despite some regional declines or extinctions submerging body! Parts from Sambirano to Tôlanaro many “ facts ” in this area is much than., Brady Barr, fish, reptiles become relatively common only in the mating habits Nile. Some remains of snails inside their stomachs South African Nile crocodiles. also suggest deleting editing... [ 66 ] it is compare with salty crocodile then they attack on the prey without warning! Severely depleted, and is not definitively known crocodiles and American alligators miles per hours bursts. So far off on so many “ facts ” to bear crocodile populations,! According to studies in Uganda and Zambia Park reportedly average 3.65 m ( 10 0. H., king, F. W., & Blake, D. K. ( 1972 ) F., Rob O. and! In Africa are often social animals and obligated to feed almost exclusively on terrestrial zones or close! 'S tail age and honey badgers can prey on each other pieces of information the have...

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